Among the crops cultivated in home gardens, it occupies a special place the grapes with a nutritional and medicinal value, aesthetic and decorative properties and the ecological plasticity.
Beauty, variety of shapes, size and color berry bunch of grapes is unmatched among other fruits and berries.
Grapes - a high-calorie product, its 1 kg with an average sugar content of 17% of the human body can give about 30% calorie daily diet. Grapes are rich in mineral salts, organic acids, physiologically active substances.
Many amateur gardeners receive from each vine from 8-10 to 30-40 kg of solar berries.
The grapes used to make juice, fruit compote, jams, pickles, syrup, jelly, marmalade, vinegar, raisins, sultanas, churchkhelas. Even the young shoots are suitable for making juice, kvass.
Grape plant has valuable biological properties. Due to the flexibility of vines, and the rapid growth of the vine shoots can be shaped around the gazebo, the walls and fences, making gallery fresh green lacy foliage, thereby decorative decorate the site.
One of the main factors limiting the widespread grape, is its relatively low hardiness, which is especially important for the northern regions.
Currently, some amateur gardeners get a good crop of grapes, not only in the more southern regions of the Russian Federation, but also in the north, including the Moscow region, and Primorsky Krai, by the cultivation of winter-hardy varieties and meticulous care of the bushes.
The development of amateur wine growing is particularly important, as the main areas of viticulture remoteness makes transporting grapes consuming and expensive operation.
Grapes can be cultivated only if expertly knowledge of its properties, characteristics, demands to environmental conditions.